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Cast Bronze Benchmark
Cast Bronze Benchmark
Thumbnail Medium Original


Title: Cast Bronze Benchmark

Description: Benchmarks can be divided into two general groups: the "vertical control points" are points that mark a very precise elevation above the standard datum plane (usually referred to as elevation above sea level) and the "horizontal control points" are points with precisely established latitude and longitude. The National Geodetic Survey, not the U.S. Geological Survey, is the Maintainer of federal Vertical Control Marks. This specimen is a Reference Benchmark and not a geodetic control mark. In actual use, this marker would have been used to keep the location of a triangulation station from being lost. Its arrow would be set to the location of the triangulation station; the station's description would have accurate azimuth and horizontal (not slope) distance to each of its reference marks so that it can be re-set from them if necessary. Object ID: USGS-000181

Location: USA

Photographer: USGS Museum Staff
Photographer Email:
Photographer Organization: U.S. Geological Survey

Usage: This image is public domain/of free use unless otherwise stated. Please refer to the USGS Copyright section for how to credit the photo.


USGS Museum Collection

File Details:
Type: JPEG image - 577.53 KB
Dimensions: 982 x 926
Resolution: 72 dpi

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Tags: Bronze Cast Reference USGS-000181 benchmark



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