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Title: Vatnajökull Jökulhlaup
Photograph of the large jökulhlaup that spread out across Skeišarįrsandur (glacial outwash plain) from the terminus of Skeišarįrjökull, an outlet glacier of Vatnajökull. The Skeišarįrhlaup was from the accumulation of glacial meltwater in the Grķmsvötn caldera from the Gjįlp eruption in late September/early October 1996 in northwestern Vatnajökull (eastern flank of the Bįršarbunga subglacier caldera), although the jökulhlaup did not take place until several weeks later, on 5 November 1996. The broad lobe of the terminus of the Skeišarįrjökull outlet glacier can be seen in the left background and Iceland“s tallest mountain, Öręfajökull in the right background. Breeches in the road across Skeišarįrsandur can be seen, especially the removal of the bridge over the Gķgjukvķsl glacier river, but the bridge in the foreground over the glacier river Nśpsvötn is still intact, probably because the peak flow was 2,300 cu. m. per sec there, 33,000 cu. m. per sec. at Gķgjukvķsl, and 22,000 cu. m. per sec. at Skeišarį, the bridge over which was also carried away. The photo of Skeišarįrsandur was made on 6 Nov. 1996.
Date Taken: 11/06/1996
Photographer: Oddur Siguršsson , Iceland Meteorological Office
Usage: This image is public domain/of free use unless otherwise stated. Please refer to the USGS Copyright section for how to credit the photo.
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