Eastern Energy Resources Science Center


The Eastern Energy Resources Science Center (EERSC) addresses national and global energy geoscience issues and conducts interdisciplinary research on energy systems.

What We Provide

The Center provides earth-science information and interpretations essential to building a framework for the identification and assessment of economically stable and environmentally sound resources of petroleum, natural gas, and coal.

What We Address

The Center addresses the economic and environmental effects of energy production and studies unconventional resources including gas hydrates, geothermal resources, uranium, oil shale, and bitumen and heavy oil.


Date published: October 16, 2020

New Patent Helps Coalbed Methane Research

Far underground, in a Wyoming well-bore drilled through rock and coal, exciting research is bubbling up. USGS researchers are studying how bacteria and other microbes may play a role in the formation of natural gas from coal, and they’re using one of USGS’ newest patents to do it. This patent is the subsurface environmental sampler, or SES.

July 6, 2020

Energy Quarterly - Summer 2020

As summer begins, here are a few highlights in our Energy Quarterly Newsletter.  This edition is a quick overview of the Energy Resources Program's assessments, research, data, and publications.  We also share highlights from our fellow program in the USGS Energy and Minerals Mission Area, the Mineral Resources Program.  

Date published: March 18, 2020

USGS Releases A New Assessment Methodology for Carbon Dioxide Enhanced Oil Recovery and Associated Carbon Dioxide Retention

The U.S. Geological Survey has developed a new assessment method to estimate how much oil and gas could be produced by injecting carbon dioxide into petroleum reservoirs. The methodology also includes a way to estimate the amount of carbon dioxide remaining in the reservoir after the production of oil and gas is complete.


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Year Published: 2021

Coking coal of the United States—Modern and historical coking coal mining locations and chemical, rheological, petrographic, and other data from modern samples

Coking coal, or metallurgical coal, has been produced in the United States for nearly 200 years. Coking coal is primarily used in the production of coke for use in the steel industry, and for other uses (for example, foundries, blacksmithing, heating buildings, and brewing). Currently, U.S. coking coal is produced in Alabama, Arkansas,...

Trippi, Michael H.; Ruppert, Leslie F.; Eble, Cortland F.; Hower, James C.
Trippi, M.H., Ruppert, L.F., Eble, C.F., and Hower, J.C., 2021, Coking coal of the United States—Modern and historical coking coal mining locations and chemical, rheological, petrographic, and other data from modern samples: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1113, 112 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201113.

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Year Published: 2020

Comparison of machine learning approaches used to identify the drivers of Bakken oil well productivity

Geologists and petroleum engineers have struggled to identify the mechanisms that drive productivity in horizontal hydraulically fractured oil wells. The machine learning algorithms of Random Forest (RF), gradient boosting trees (GBT) and extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) were applied to a dataset containing 7311 horizontal hydraulically...

Attanasi, Emil D.; Freeman, Philip A.; Coburn, Timothy

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Year Published: 2020

Utica shale play oil and gas brines: Geochemistry and factors influencing wastewater management

The Utica and Marcellus Shale Plays in the Appalachian Basin are the fourth and first largest natural gas producing plays in the United States, respectively. Hydrocarbon production generates large volumes of brine (“produced water”) that must be disposed of, treated, or reused. Though Marcellus brines have been studied extensively, there are few...

Blondes, Madalyn S.; Shelton, Jenna L.; Engle, Mark A; Trembly, Jason; Doolan, Colin A.; Jubb, Aaron M.; Chenault, Jessica; Rowan, Elisabeth L.; Haefner, Ralph J.; Mailot, Brian E.