Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center

Publications

Below is a list of available NOROCK peer reviewed and published science. If you are in search of a specific publication and cannot find it below or through a search, please contact twojtowicz@usgs.gov.

Filter Total Items: 1,023
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Year Published: 2020

Western bumble bee: Declines in United States and range-wide information gaps

In recent decades, many bumble bee species have declined due to changes in habitat, climate, and pressures from pathogens, pesticides, and introduced species. The western bumble bee (Bombus occidentalis ), once common throughout western North America, is a species of concern and will be considered for listing by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife...

Graves, Tabitha; Janousek, William Michael; Gaulke, Sarah M.; Nicholas, Amy; Keinath, Douglas; Bell, Christine M.; Cannings, Syd; Hatfield, Richard G.; Heron, Jennifer M; Koch, Jonathan B; Loffland, Helen L; Richardson, Leif L; Rohde, Ashley T.; Rykken, Jessica; Strange, James P.; Tronstead, Lusha; Sheffield, Cory

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Year Published: 2020

Informing amphibian conservation efforts with abundance-based metapopulation models

Science-based management strategies are needed to halt or reverse the global decline of amphibians. In many cases, sound management requires reliable models built using monitoring data. Historically, monitoring and statistical modeling efforts have focused on estimating occupancy using detection–nondetection data. Spatial occupancy models are...

Paige E Howell; Hossack, Blake R.; Muths, Erin L.; Sigafus, Brent H.; Chandler, Richard B.

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Year Published: 2020

Increased drought severity tracks warming in the United States’ largest river basin

Across the Upper Missouri River Basin, the recent drought of 2000 to 2010, known as the “turn-of-the-century drought,” was likely more severe than any in the instrumental record including the Dust Bowl drought. However, until now, adequate proxy records needed to better understand this event with regard to long-term variability have been lacking....

Martin, Justin; Pederson, Gregory T.; Woodhouse, Connie A.; Cook, Edward R.; McCabe, Gregory J.; Anchukaitis, Kevin J.; Wise, Erika K.; Erger, Patrick; Dolan, Larry S.; McGuire, Marketa; Gangopadhyay, Subhrendu; Chase, Katherine J.; Littell, Jeremy S.; Gray, Stephen; St. George, Scott; Friedman, Jonathan M.; Sauchyn, David J.; St. Jacques, Jeannine-Marie; King, John C.

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Year Published: 2020

Potential for recreational restrictions to reduce grizzly bear–caused human injuries

In 2011, 2 hikers were killed by grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) in separate incidents on backcountry trails in Hayden Valley, Yellowstone National Park, USA (YNP). Hayden Valley provides prime habitat for grizzly bears and is known to have high densities of bears. During 1970–2017, 23% (10 of 44) of all backcountry grizzly bear–inflicted human...

Gunther, Kerry A.; Haroldson, Mark A.

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Year Published: 2020

Survival estimates for the invasive American bullfrog

American bullfrogs (Lithobates catesbeianus) are significant invaders in many places and can negatively impact native species. Despite their impact and wide distribution, little is known about their demography. We used five years of capture mark-recapture data to estimate annual apparent survival of post-metamorphic bullfrogs in a population on...

Howell, Paige E.; Muths, Erin L.; Sigafus, Brent H.; Hossack, Blake R.

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Year Published: 2020

Specialized meltwater biodiversity persists despite widespread deglaciation

Glaciers are important drivers of environmental heterogeneity and biological diversity across mountain landscapes. Worldwide, glaciers are receding rapidly due to climate change, with important consequences for biodiversity in mountain ecosystems. However, the effects of glacier loss on biodiversity have never been quantified across a mountainous...

Muhlfeld, Clint C.; Cline, Timothy Joseph; Giersch, J. Joseph; Peitzsch, Erich; Florentine, Caitlyn; Jacobsen, Dean; Hotaling, Scott

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Year Published: 2020

The use of Bayesian priors in Ecology: The good, the bad and the not great

Bayesian data analysis (BDA) is a powerful tool for making inference from ecological data, but its full potential has yet to be realized. Despite a generally positive trajectory in research surrounding model development and assessment, far too little attention has been given to prior specification.Default priors, a sub‐class of non‐informative...

Banner, Katharine M.; Irvine, Kathryn M.; Rodhouse, Thomas J.

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Year Published: 2020

Are environmental DNA methods ready for aquatic invasive species management?

Multiple studies have demonstrated environmental (e)DNA detections of rare, invasive species. However, invasive species managers struggle with using eDNA results because detections might not indicate species presence. We evaluated if eDNA methods have matured to a point where they can be widely applied to aquatic invasive species management. We...

Sepulveda, Adam J.; Nelson, Nanette M; Jerde, Christopher L.; Luikart, Gordon

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Year Published: 2020

Parsing complex terrain controls on mountain glacier response to climate forcing

Glaciers are a key indicator of changing climate in the high mountain landscape. Glacier variations across a mountain range are ultimately driven by regional climate forcing. However, changes also reflect local, topographically driven processes such as snow avalanching, snow wind-drifting, and radiation shading as well as the initial glacier...

Florentine, Caitlyn Elizabeth; Harper, Joel T.; Fagre, Daniel B.

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Year Published: 2020

Millennial-scale climate and human drivers of environmental change and fire activity in a dry, mixed-conifer forest of northwestern Montana

Warm summer temperatures and longer fire seasons are promoting larger, and in some cases, more fires that are severe in low- and mid-elevation, dry mixed-conifer forests of the Northern Rocky Mountains (NRM). Long-term historical fire conditions and human influence on past fire activity are not well understood for these topographically and...

McWethy, David B.; Alt, Mio; Argiriadis, Elana; Battistel, Dario; Everett, Richard G.; Pederson, Gregory T.

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Year Published: 2020

Black bear movement and food conditioning in an exurban landscape

Conflicts between humans and wildlife have become increasingly important challenges for resource managers along the urban‐wildland interface. Food conditioning (i.e., reliance by an animal on anthropogenic foods) of American black bears (Ursus americanus ) is related to conflict behavior (i.e., being bold or aggressive toward humans, consuming...

Braunstein, Jessica; Clark, Joseph D.; Williamson, Ryan H; Stiver, William H

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Year Published: 2020

Climate-induced expansions of invasive species in the Pacific Northwest, North America: A synthesis of observations and projections

Climate change may facilitate the expansion of non-native invasive species (NIS) in aquatic and terrestrial systems. However, empirical evidence remains scarce and poorly synthesized at scales necessary for effective management. We conducted a literature synthesis to assess the state of research on the observed and predicted effects of climate...

Gervais, Jennifer; Kovach, Ryan P.; Sepulveda, Adam J.; Al-Chokhachy, Robert K.; Giersch, J. Joseph; Muhlfeld, Clint C.