Unified Interior Regions

Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian

Our Science Centers

Our Science Centers

The NAA Region has 15 Science Centers spanning 14 NE States and Washington, DC. The Centers conduct interdisciplinary biologic, geologic, hydrologic, and energy monitoring and research addressing natural resource issues facing our nation.

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July Photo Contest

July Photo Contest

Check out the winning photographs in the July 2021 Photo Contest! Categories include People, USGS at Work, Where We Work, and Honorable Mention

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Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 1,126
Date published: April 30, 2020
Status: Active

Monitoring Birds in National Parks of the Gulf Coast Network

The Challenge: Avian monitoring within the Gulf Coast Network of the National Park Service is challenged to provide valid quantitative data on bird populations within park boundaries with limited financial input. Thus, citizen science (volunteer) bird monitoring has been proposed to achieve reliable estimates of bird populations and to assess the effects of habitat change and temporal dynamics...

Date published: April 30, 2020
Status: Active

Forest Structure Resulting from ‘Wildlife Forestry Silviculture’

Wildlife forestry is management of forest resources, within sites and across landscapes, to provide sustainable, desirable habitat conditions for all forest-dependent (silvicolous) fauna while concurrently yielding economically viable, quality timber products. In practice, however, management decisions associated with wildlife forestry often reflect a desire to provide suitable habitat for...

Date published: April 27, 2020
Status: Active

Microbial Source Tracking in the Lower Passaic River Basin Study Area, New Jersey

The USGS NJWSC is collaborating with the Passaic Valley Sewerage Commission (PVSC) on an Urban Waters Federal Partnership project in the Lower Passaic River basin to investigate the occurrence and potential sources of E. coli fecal indicator bacteria. 

Contacts: Pamela Reilly
Date published: April 27, 2020
Status: Active

Sediment and Stream Health - Pennsylvania

Sediment in streams, from land surface erosion in watersheds, is an important factor in determining the quality of Pennsylvania's surface waters and of downstream water bodies such as the Delaware Estuary and Chesapeake Bay. The USGS has a long-standing tradition of measuring suspended-sediment concentrations and estimating loads. Recent technological advances allow real-time estimates of...

Date published: April 16, 2020
Status: Active

Integrating colony counts with NABat acoustic data to reveal the true impacts of White-Nose Syndrome on northern long-eared bats

Bat Research

Research collaboration: Brian Reichert (FORT), Wayne Thogmartin (UMESC), Winifred Frick (Bat Conservation International), Tina Cheng (Bat Conservation International)

The northern long-eared bat...

Date published: April 16, 2020
Status: Active

Modeling the response of cave hibernating Myotis species to white-nose syndrome mitigation tactics

Bat Research

Research collaboration: Robin Russell (NWHC), Tonie Rocke (NWHC), Wayne Thogmartin (UMESC), Evan Grant (PWRC)

White-nose syndrome is a fungal disease devastating cave-hibernating bat species (Myotis spp.) in the eastern...

Date published: April 14, 2020
Status: Active

MD-DE-DC Groundwater Capabilities

Our region's water supply comes from streams and rivers, groundwater, and reservoirs. Areas not served by public-water supply rely on groundwater withdrawn from fractured rock aquifers in western Maryland, or surficial (water table) and confined aquifers in southern Maryland, Delaware, Washington, D.C., and the Eastern Shore.

Groundwater research...

Date published: April 13, 2020
Status: Active

Surface Water-Quality Monitoring Network (WQN)

Pennsylvania’s Statewide Surface Water-Quality Monitoring Network (WQN) currently consists of 124 sites that are sampled between 6 and 20 times a year. Chemical analysis includes nutrient, major ions, and selected metals. Pesticide sampling is conducted twice a year at 5 locations. Biological sampling for benthic macroinvertebrates is conducted annually at 80 sites.

The WQN was...

Contacts: Andrew G Reif
Date published: April 10, 2020
Status: Active

Regional Synthesis of Groundwater Quality in Domestic Supply Wells in Northeast and North Central Pennsylvania

USGS is synthesizing groundwater quality measurements in wells to characterize regional chemical characteristics of aquifers used for domestic supply in northeast and north central Pennsylvania.

Date published: April 10, 2020
Status: Active

Recoding of AMDTreat Phase 2: Integration of PHREEQ-N-AMDTreat water-quality prediction tools with recoded AMDTreat cost-analysis software

Newly developed PHREEQ-N-AMDTreat water-quality prediction tools indicate potential changes in pH, dissolved metals, and associated solute concentrations resulting from passive and active treatment of coal-mine drainage.

Date published: April 10, 2020
Status: Active

The response of coastal wetlands to sea-level rise: Understanding how macroscale drivers influence local processes and feedbacks

The purpose of this work is to advance our understanding of how coastal wetland responses to SLR within the conterminous United States are likely to vary as a function of local, regional, and macroscale drivers, including climate. Based on our interactions with managers and decision makers, as well as our knowledge of the current state of the science, we propose to (a) conduct a national...

Date published: April 9, 2020
Status: Active

Analysis of Factors Affecting Plume Remediation in a Sole-Source Aquifer System, Nassau County, New York (Northrup Grumman Plume)

Problem: Dissolved volatile-organic compounds (VOCs), including trichloroethylene (TCE), have been identified in a sole-source aquifer near the former Northrop Grumman Bethpage facility and Naval Weapons Industrial Reserve Plant (NWIRP) in Nassau County, N.Y. The Northrop Grumman Bethpage facility and NWIRP are listed as Class II inactive hazardous waste disposal sites (Site Nos. HW130003A...

Filter Total Items: 492
Date published: July 1, 2020

Field blank and field replicate datasets for inorganic and organic compounds collected for the National Water Quality Network, water years 2013-17

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Water Quality Network - Rivers and Streams (NWQN) comprises 117 surface-water monitoring sites designed to track ambient water-quality conditions across the nation. This dataset includes field quality-control results (field blank and field replicate concentrations), along with the water-quality result of each associated surface-water sample

Date published: June 30, 2020

Passive seismic data collected along headwater stream corridors in Shenandoah National Park in 2016 - 2020

In July 2016, July 2019, and March 2020, 318 seismic recordings were acquired at locations within Shenandoah National Park, Virginia, using MOHO Tromino Model TEP-3C three-component seismometers to assess depth to bedrock using the HVSR method. This method requires a measurement of estimate of shear wave velocity, which depends on the regolith sediment composition and density, for

Date published: June 26, 2020

Tidal Daily Discharge and Quality Assurance Data Supporting an Assessment of Water Quality and Discharge in the Herring River, Wellfleet, Massachusetts, November 2015–September 2017

This data release provides data in support of an assessment of water quality and discharge in the Herring River at the Chequessett Neck Road dike in Wellfleet, Massachusetts, from November 2015 to September 2017. The assessment was a cooperative project among the U.S. Geological Survey, National Park Service, Cape Cod National Seashore, and the Friends of Herring River to characterize e

Date published: June 25, 2020

Continuous Monitoring Data From Herring River Wetlands, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2015 to January 2020

The Herring River estuary (Wellfleet, Cape Cod, Massachusetts) has been tidally restricted for over a century by a dike constructed near the mouth of the river. The U.S. Geological Survey collected continuous monitoring data (including water level, soil temperature, air temperature, and meteorological parameters). These datasets can help evaluate key ecosystem drivers.

Date published: June 25, 2020

Pine Creek Freshwater Mussel Qualitative Surveys: 1995 - 2009

Data are included for field surveys conducted for freshwater mussels within the Pine Creek watershed in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. Timed search (qualitative) surveys were conducted in ~200 meter sections of river between 1995 and 2009; The number of mussels of each species and associated search time were recorded for each survey section to determine a catch per unit ef

Date published: June 25, 2020

Neversink River freshwater mussel surveys: 2006-2009

Data are included for two types of field surveys conducted for freshwater mussels within the Neversink River in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. Timed search (qualitative) surveys were conducted in consecutive ~200 meter sections of river in 2006 and 2007; a subset of these sections were re-surveyed qualitatively in 2009. The number of mussels of each species and associated

Date published: June 23, 2020

North American Breeding Bird Survey Dataset 1966 - 2019

The 1966-2019 North American Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) dataset contains avian point count data for more than 700 North American bird taxa (species, races, and unidentified species groupings). These data are collected annually during the breeding season, primarily in June, along thousands of randomly established roadside survey routes in the United States and Canada. Routes are r

Date published: June 23, 2020

Mean annual no flow, climate and watershed properties for 540 non-perennial USGS gages in the contiguous U.S.

This dataset contains mean-annual metrics quantifying intermittent streamflow, climate, topography, land cover and geology for 540 USGS GAGES-2 watersheds experiencing non-perennial flow.

Date published: June 23, 2020

Annual low flow, climate and watershed properties for 325 USGS gages in and near the Delaware River Basin

This dataset contains annual metrics quantifying low streamflows, climate, topography, land cover and geology for 325 USGS GAGES-2 watersheds within the Delaware River Basin boundary or with watershed centroids within a 25-mile buffer of the Delaware River Basin boundary.

Date published: June 18, 2020

Modeled and observed trends at reference basins in the conterminous U.S. from October 1, 1983 through September 30, 2016

This data release contains trend results computed on the basis of modeled and observed daily streamflows at 502 reference gages across the conterminous U.S. from October 1, 1983 through September 30, 2016. Modeled daily streamflows were computed using the deterministic Precipitation Runoff Modeling System (PRMS), and five statistical techniques: Nearest-Neighbor Drainage Area Ratio %2

Date published: June 17, 2020

Sea-floor sediment samples, seabed imagery, and CTD instrument data collected on Stellwagen Bank in December, 2014, U.S. Geological Survey Field Activity 2014-070-FA

This field activity is part of the effort to map geologic substrates of the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary region off Boston, Massachusetts. The overall goal is to develop high-resolution (1:25,000) interpretive maps, based on multibeam sonar data and seabed sampling, showing surficial geology and seabed sediment dynamics.

Date published: June 12, 2020

Preliminary global database of known and inferred gas hydrate locations

This data release provides a text description of the region, geographic coordinates, and the citation for the published reference for known and inferred gas hydrate locations. Where the existence of gas hydrate was inferred, the description of the criteria used to make the inference was also included.  

Filter Total Items: 16,123
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Year Published: 2021

Activity patterns of anadromous fish below a tide gate: Observations from high‐resolution imaging sonar

The construction of dams and tide gates on waterways has altered the physical structure of many coastal, estuarine, and freshwater systems. These changes have come at a cost to fish populations, most notably diadromous species, which rely on connectivity between marine and freshwater systems. These anthropogenic structures can have direct effects...

Rillahan, Christopher B.; Derrick Alcott; Castro-Santos, Theodore R.; He, Pingguo

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Year Published: 2021

Weighing the unknowns: Value of information for biological and operational uncertainty in invasion management

The management of biological invasions is a worldwide conservation priority. Unfortunately, decision-making on optimal invasion management can be impeded by lack of information about the biological processes that determine invader success (i.e. biological uncertainty) or by uncertainty about the effectiveness of candidate interventions (i.e....

Li, Shou-Li; Keller, Joseph; Runge, Michael C.; Shea, Katriona

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Year Published: 2021

Relating Tmax and hydrogen index to vitrinite and solid bitumen reflectance in hydrous pyrolysis residues: Comparisons to natural thermal indices

Vitrinite reflectance (VRo; %) generally is considered the most reliable technique to determine the thermal maturity of sedimentary rocks. However, it is a time-consuming process to collect reflectance (Ro; %) measurements and is subjective to the interpretation of each trained technician, who must be able to discern between ...

Lohr, Celeste D.; Hackley, Paul C.

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Year Published: 2021

USGS 2020 critical minerals review

Concerns about the lack of domestic production and availability of essential mineral raw materials were a recurring theme throughout the 20th century, particularly in the periods around armed conflicts (Congressional Research Service, 2019). These concerns resulted in the designation of particular minerals as “strategic” or “critical,” terms that...

Fortier, Steven M.; Nassar, Nedal T.; Kelley, Karen D.; Lederer, Graham W.; Mauk, Jeffrey L.; Hammarstrom, Jane M.; Day, Warren C.; Seal, Robert R.

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Year Published: 2021

Optimal strategies for managing wildlife harvest under climate change

Wildlife populations are experiencing shifting dynamics due to climate and landscape change. Management policies that fail to account for non‐stationary dynamics may fail to achieve management objectives. We establish a framework for understanding optimal strategies for managing a theoretical harvested population under non‐stationarity. Building...

Tucker, Anna Maureen; Runge, Michael C.

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Year Published: 2021

Insights on the characteristics and sources of gas from an underground coal mine using compositional data analysis

Coal mine gas originates from the gas emission zone (GEZ) of the mine, as well as the longwall face and pillars. Gas emissions are controlled directly at the sources using horizontal or vertical boreholes drilled from surface or from the entries in advance of mining, or it is captured from the fractured and caved zones (gob) using...

Karacan, C. Özgen; Martín-Fernández, Josep Antoni; Ruppert, Leslie F.; Olea, Ricardo

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Year Published: 2021

Capturing the transient hydrological response in sandy soils during a rare cloudburst associated with shallow slope failures; A case study in the Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey, USA

A cloudburst on 7 August 2018 in the coastal bluffs of the Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey, induced flooding, erosion and multiple shallow slope failures that adversely affected the surrounding hillside residential area. Historically, short-duration deluges are rare in the New York Bay region, with only eight cloudbursts of greater magnitude...

Ashland, Francis; Reilly, Pamela A.; Fiore, Alex R.

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Year Published: 2021

Assessment of wave attenuation, current patterns, and sediment deposition and erosion during winter storms by living shoreline structures in Gandys Beach, New Jersey

This study was conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey and Northeastern University in cooperation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and The Nature Conservancy. This report summarizes field investigation and analysis of waves, current patterns, and sediment deposition and erosion along the Gandys Beach, New Jersey, salt marsh vegetated...

Wang, Hongqing; Capurso, William D.; Chen, Qin; Zhu, Ling; Niemoczynski, Lukasz; Snedden, Gregg
Wang, H., Capurso, W., Chen, Q., Zhu, L., Niemoczynski, L., and Snedden, G., 2021, Assessment of wave attenuation, current patterns, and sediment deposition and erosion during winter storms by living shoreline structures in Gandys Beach, New Jersey: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1040, 37 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211040.

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Year Published: 2021

A framework for allocating conservation resources among multiple threats and actions

Land managers decide how to allocate resources among multiple threats that can be addressed through multiple possible actions. Additionally, these actions vary in feasibility, effectiveness, and cost. We sought to provide a way to optimize resource allocation to address multiple threats when multiple management options are available, including...

Moore, Joslin L; Camaclang, Abbey E; Moore, Alana L.; Hauser, Cindy E; Runge, Michael C.; Picheny, Victor; Rumpff, Libby

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Year Published: 2021

USGS National Water Quality Monitoring Network

What is the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Quality Monitoring Network?Understanding the water quality of U.S. streams and rivers requires consistent data collection and analysis over decades. The U.S. Geological Survey’s (USGS) National Water Quality Network (NWQN) was established to facilitate national-scale understanding of surface-water...

Riskin, Melissa L.; Lee, Casey J.
Lee, C.J., and Riskin, M.L., 2021, USGS National Water Quality Monitoring Network: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2021–3019, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20213019.

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Year Published: 2021

Geophysical insights into Paleoproterozoic tectonics along the southern margin of the Superior Province, central Upper Peninsula, Michigan, USA

The southern margin of the Archean Superior Province in the central Upper Peninsula of Michigan was a nexus for key Paleoproterozoic tectonic events involved in the ~2.1 Ga rifting of proposed Archean supercraton Superia and subsequent assembly of Laurentia. Interpretations of the region’s tectonic history have historically been hampered by...

Drenth, Benjamin J.; Cannon, William F.; Schulz, Klaus J.; Ayuso, Robert A.

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Year Published: 2021

Integrating tracking and resight data enables unbiased inferences about migratory connectivity and winter range survival from archival tags

Archival geolocators have transformed the study of small, migratory organisms but analysis of data from these devices requires bias correction because tags are only recovered from individuals that survive and are re-captured at their tagging location. We show that integrating geolocator recovery data and mark–resight data enables unbiased...

Rushing, Clark S; Van Tatenhove, Aimee M; Sharp, Andrew; Ruiz-Gutierrez, Viviana; Freeman, Mary; Sykes, Paul W. Jr; Given, Aaron M.; Sillett, T. Scott

Filter Total Items: 62
February 1, 1996

Analyzes dose responses for two populations, using the PROBIT model and the abbreviated protocol as described by Link et al(1996).

January 26, 1996

Computes estimates of survival-movement and capture probability for open capture-recapture models.

November 8, 1994

Compares estimates of survival (or any normally distributed parameter estimates).

April 26, 1994

Tests the hypothesis of prey-selectivity based on random samples of predator scats.

February 24, 1994

Estimates fatalities using raw counts of wildlife fatalities, trial experiments for carcass detection probability and persistence time.

June 2, 1989

Computes the number of animals that must be banded in order to achieve a specified level of precision for survival rates estimated using band recovery models.

April 26, 1988

Computes the power of between-model likelihood ratio tests.

January 12, 1988

Computes estimates of survival and temporary emigration under the "Open Robust Design".

October 28, 1987

Computes estimates of survival and capture probability for capture-recapture experiments on open animal populations.

April 5, 1987

Computes estimates of capture probability and population size for "closed" population capture-recapture data.

March 26, 1986

Computes estimates of survival (or any model parameter) with multinomially distributed data.

April 26, 1982

Computes estimates of daily survival rate for nest visitation data.

Filter Total Items: 1,757
Hydrologic technician drills holes for a measurement
February 24, 2021

Hydrologic technician drills holes for a measurement

Hydrologic technician drills holes for a measurement at the U.S. Geological Survey station on the Sandy River near Madrid, Maine (station 01047200), in late February 2021. 

central eastern U.S. states with boundary outline
February 19, 2021

Chesapeake Bay Watershed boundary, USA

The Chesapeake Bay watershed, or draingage basin, encompasses six states - New York, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, and the District of Columbia. A drainage basin is a giant system of creeks, streams, and rivers that all flow into a common outlet, which in this case is the Chesapeake Bay.

Segreganset River at North Dighton, Massachusetts
February 12, 2021

Segreganset River at North Dighton, Massachusetts

Segreganset River at North Dighton, Massachusetts, February 12, 2021.

Winter Groundwater Site Inspection
February 11, 2021

Winter Groundwater Site Inspection

Photo Contest Winner | March 2021 | Honorable Mention
423441072170701 MA-ORW63 Winter Groundwater Site Inspection

Groundwater sampling along the shoreline of Academy Cove, Wickford, Rhode Island, February 9, 2021
February 9, 2021

Groundwater sampling, Wickford, Rhode Island

Groundwater sampling along the shoreline of Academy Cove, Wickford, Rhode Island, February 9, 2021

The water quality sample is being taken at Saugatuck River near Westport, CT 01209500
February 8, 2021

Taking the water quality sample

The water quality sample is being taken at Saugatuck River near Westport, CT 01209500.

The snowy gage at Indian River at Clinton, CT 01195100
February 8, 2021

The snowy streamgage

The snowy gage at Indian River,  Clinton, CT 01195100.

Otter Brook State Park, Keene, New Hampshire
February 4, 2021

Otter Brook State Park, Keene, New Hampshire

Field team took advantage of a warmer winter day and stopped on their way between sites to eat a socially distanced lunch at Otter Brook State Park, managed by the Army Corps of Engineers.

Average ice conditions, station 01194000, Eight Mile River at North Plain, Connecticut
February 4, 2021

Ice conditions, station 01194000, Eight Mile River at North Plain, CT

U.S. Geological Survey station 01194000, Eight Mile River at North Plain, Connecticut, February 4, 2021. The photograph represents average ice conditions during February 2021; some stations had almost no ice, some had 50 percent ice, and some had almost 100 percent ice.

Filter Total Items: 280
Gage at LaVale, MD
July 1, 2020

There's a lot of talent at the Maryland, Delaware, Washington, DC Water Science Center!

We’ve created a series of websites, thematically named to characterize our work as our “Capabilities”, working interdependently with a diverse array of cooperative partners, the scientists, technicians, and support staff work tirelessly to produce the high-quality output for which the USGS is world renown.

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in ME, NH, VT
June 25, 2020

Approximately 80 edits have come in since this challenge was launched! This includes ~70 new points! Nice work!

Dead Run, a typical urban creek
June 24, 2020

Dirt, sand, and other particulate material on parking lots and streets is washing off into urban streams, reports a new study by the U.S. Geological Survey Regional Stream Quality Assessment. The study used novel particle tracers to determine that particles washed from pavement made up almost half of the streambed sediment in parts of Dead Run, an urban stream in the Baltimore area.

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in ME, NH, VT NEW
June 19, 2020

TNMCorps Mapping Challenges head to New England with a new challenge for city/town halls in Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont!

Photo of drone with ground-penetrating radar system flying close over river surface
June 5, 2020

Melinda Chapman, recently appointed Director of the Pennsylvania Water Science Center (previously Assistant Chief of the USGS Office of Groundwater), introduces the first issue of the Pennsylvania Waters newsletter, available via http://www.usgs.gov/pennsylvania-waters-newsletters.

Map of simulated flow paths from a model of regional groundwater flow
June 4, 2020

A USGS study characterized groundwater flow paths from possible PFAS sources at three former and active military facilities in southeastern Pennsylvania. The new research will help federal, state and local officials, water resource managers and the public as they work to address PFAS contamination in groundwater and surface water used for private and public water supply.

Dr. Suzanne Nicholson in Isle Royale, 1996
May 29, 2020

Dr. Suzanne Nicholson received the U.S. Department of Interior's second highest honorary award—the Meritorious Service Award— In recognition of her scientific leadership and noteworthy contributions to the Mineral Resources Program of the U.S. Geological Survey.

Map of seismic research site on seafloor off Puerto Rico
May 26, 2020

Most residents of southern Puerto Rico were startled by the sequence of earthquakes that began Dec. 28, 2019 and included a magnitude 6.4 quake on Jan. 7, 2020. Aftershocks are expected to continue for years, including some relatively strong ones, like a May 2 magnitude 5.4 temblor

A USGS field team measures spring floodwaters at Chesapeake bay's largest tributary.
May 12, 2020

U.S. Geological Survey field crews are measuring flooding across the country as spring weather is in full swing. Warming temperatures, increased precipitation and snowmelt have caused moderate to major flooding in the upper Midwest, East Coast, Central Plains and the Southeast portions of the country.

Bob Homes on the water
May 5, 2020

Annual Cooperators Meeting – Hold the Date!!

The Ohio-Kentucky-Indiana Water Science Center 2020 Cooperator Meetings – Tentative Dates are:

The Louisville Office will hold its annual cooperator meeting on September 16, 2020.

The Indianapolis Office will hold its annual cooperator meeting on October 7, 2020.

The Columbus Office will host its first cooperator meeting on October 14, 2020.

Full Newsletter


USGS Station 011058798 Herring River at Chequessett Neck Road gage house
April 14, 2020

This geonarrative explores the availability of water-quality data collected by the Cape Cod National Seashore and U.S. Geological Survey in support of the Herring River restoration project. It highlights the development of the monitoring program since the 1980s and the recent publication of Cape Cod National Seashore data in a U.S. Geological Survey data release.

Photo Chesapeake Bay area
April 3, 2020

Despite the prevalence of mercury contamination in the Chesapeake Bay, large-scale patterns of mercury concentrations, and potential risks to fish, wildlife, and humans across the watershed, are poorly understood.

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