Unified Interior Regions

Region 6: Arkansas-Rio Grande-Texas-Gulf

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We conduct impartial, multi- and interdisciplinary research and monitoring to address a broad range of scienctific issues that affect the Arkansas-Rio Grande-Texas-Gulf Region.

News

Date published: November 2, 2020

Media Bulletin: Low-Flying Airplane and Helicopter Mapping Parts of West Texas and South-Central New Mexico to aid in Mapping Geology

Editor: In the public interest and in accordance with FAA regulations, the USGS is announcing this low-level airborne project. Your assistance in informing the local communities is appreciated.

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Date published: September 23, 2019
Status: Active

Urban Waters Federal Partnership - Edwards Aquifer Recharge in a Developing Landscape

San Antonio Texas consistently ranks as one of the fastest growing large cities in the United States. Urban development can affect groundwater quality as trees and open space are replaced by buildings and roads, increasing the amount of urban runoff draining directly into the Edwards aquifer. A network of sophisticated surface water and groundwater monitoring sites is being used to help...

Date published: September 4, 2019
Status: Active

Real-Time Storm Response

Coastal change forecasts and pre- and post-storm photos documenting coastal change for landfalling storms. Currently responding to Hurricane Dorian.

Contacts: Kara Doran
Date published: July 8, 2019
Status: Active

Concealed Rare Earth Element (REE) Terranes in the Southern Basin and Range Geologic Province

We are working to develop an understanding of the types, sizes, and spatial distribution of rare-earth element (REE) related deposits in the Southern Basin and Range geologic province to help ensure the availability of REEs to industry in the United States. Geologic, geophysical, and geochemical data acquired will be used to develop permissive tracts for REE related deposits and to define...

Contacts: Mark Bultman
Date published: March 26, 2019
Status: Active

Identification of Hydrologic Controls on Coastal Spartina patens Marshes and Optimal Hydrological Conditions for Sustainable Mottled Duck Habitat

Mottled ducks rely on the coastal marshes of the Texas Chenier Plain, which are considered among the most critically endangered habitats in the United States. USGS scientists are evaluating what might be contributing to the degradation of high-quality mottled duck habitat to better understand the causes of habitat loss and subsequently mitigate those losses.

Date published: March 26, 2019
Status: Active

Defining Native Ranges of U.S. Inland Fishes

Understanding the native versus non-native range of a species can provide useful information about dispersal, population distribution patterns, and human mediated movement across hydrologic barriers. The USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) Program is working with partners to define native ranges of inland fishes in the United States to help identify which species should be included in the...

Date published: March 5, 2019
Status: Active

The Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Flood and Storm Tracker (FaST)

Storm-related flooding can lead to the potential spread of nonindigenous (or non-native) aquatic species into waterways they have not been seen in before. The USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species program has developed an innovative mapping tool to help natural resource managers with post-storm nonindigenous aquatic species detection and assessment efforts. 

Date published: March 4, 2019
Status: Active

Natural Resource Damage and Assessment (NRDA) Program Monitoring and Adaptive Management

State and Federal agencies are working together to assess the damage caused by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill and to determine appropriate restoration actions to restore natural resources, ecological services, and recreational services injured or lost due to the incident. 

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Date published: December 18, 2019

Texas Water Dashboard

The Texas Water Dashboard presents USGS real-time stream, lake and reservoir, precipitation and groundwater data for more than 850 USGS real-time observation stations in Texas.

Date published: September 26, 2019

Data for assessing the susceptibility of groundwater used for drinking water supply from selected principal aquifers of the Western United States, 2004-2018

Groundwater age distribution and susceptibility to natural and anthropogenic contaminants were assessed for selected principal aquifers of the Western United States: the Central Valley aquifer system (CVAL), the Basin and Range basin-fill aquifers (BNRF), the Rio Grande aquifer system (RIOG), the High Plains aquifer (HPAQ), the Columbia Plateau basaltic-rock aquifers (

Date published: July 12, 2019

Crustal Architecture Beneath the Southern Midcontinent (USA) -- Data Grids and 3D Geophysical Models

Regional grid files and 3D voxel models were used to study crustal architecture beneath the Southern Midcontinent (USA) by McCafferty and others (2019). The study covered a rectangular, multi-state area of 924 by 924 kilometers centered on Missouri, and a corresponding volume extending from the topographic surface to a depth of 50 kilometers below sea level. The grid files consist of

Date published: March 14, 2019

USGS National and Global Oil and Gas Assessment Project - Permian Basin Province, Midland Basin, Wolfcamp Shale Assessment Unit Boundaries and Assessment Input Data Forms, Version 2.0

The Assessment Unit is the fundamental unit used in the National Assessment Project for the assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources. The Assessment Unit is defined within the context of the higher-level Total Petroleum System. The Assessment Unit is shown herein as a geographic boundary interpreted, defined, and mapped by the geologist responsible for the province and incorporates...

Date published: December 6, 2018

Downloadable Data for Southern Oklahoma Oil and Gas Assessments

GIS Data for Southern Oklahoma Oil and Gas Assessments

Date published: December 6, 2018

Downloadable Data for Marathon Thrust Belt Oil and Gas Assessments

GIS Data for Marathon Thrust Belt Oil and Gas Assessments 

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GRDA bathymetry
September 22, 2017

View topographic and bathymetric contour data and query water depths for the Neosho River, Spring River and Elk River, in northeastern Oklahoma.

Funding partners: Grand River Dam Authority

OK earthquake map
August 2, 2017

Information on the latest earthquakes in Oklahoma.

Miami Inundation Pilot Viewer
January 1, 2017

View topographic and bathymetric contour data and simulate Neosho River inundation areas for selected (and real-time) water-surface elevations at Grand Lake and the Neosho River streamgage near Commerce

Funding partners: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Grand River Dam Authority, and Oklahoma Department of Wildlife 

Shawnee Reservoir Data Viewer
January 1, 2017

View topographic and bathymetric contour data and simulate Shawnee (Twin Lakes) Reservoir inundation areas for selected (and real-time) water-surface elevations.

Funding partners: City of Shawnee

Hurricane Louisiana Coast
September 14, 2016

June 1 marks the beginning of hurricane season. Should storms arrive on the Louisiana coast, the people in coastal communities across the State, along with many Federal, State, and local agencies will need to know how the storms are affecting the coastal and low-lying areas.The USGS maintains an extensive network of coastal gages that provides critical time-sensitive water level.

Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
April 19, 2016

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

Grand Lake Image
March 3, 2016

Grand Lake Data Viewer - View topographic and bathymetric contour data and simulate Grand Lake inundation areas for selected water-surface elevations.

Funding partners: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Grand River Dam Authority, and Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation

 

dbflood-image
September 1, 2015

Flood Database for Oklahoma - Obtain records of historical flood depth and discharge measurements as well as flood-related news clippings.

Funding partners: Oklahoma Department of Transportation

StreamStats in Oklahoma
January 1, 2015

Delineate custom drainage basins, compute basin characteristics, and estimate streamflow statistics.

Funding partners: Oklahoma Department of Transportation and Oklahoma Water Resources Board

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Year Published: 2021

Hydrogeologic framework and groundwater characterization in selected alluvial basins in the upper Rio Grande basin, Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas, United States, and Chihuahua, Mexico, 1980 to 2015

Increasing demand for the limited water resources of the United States continues to put pressure on resource management agencies to balance the competing needs of ecosystem health with municipal, agricultural, and other uses. To meet these needs, the U.S. Geological Survey conducted a multiyear study to evaluate water resources in the upper Rio...

Houston, Natalie A.; Thomas, Jonathan V.; Foster, Linzy K.; Pedraza, Diana E.; Welborn, Toby L.
Houston, N.A., Thomas, J.V., Foster, L.K., Pedraza, D.E., and Welborn, T.L., 2021, Hydrogeologic framework and groundwater characterization in selected alluvial basins in the upper Rio Grande basin, Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas, United States, and Chihuahua, Mexico, 1980 to 2015: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2021–5035, 71 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20215035.

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Year Published: 2021

Is there an urban pesticide signature? Urban streams in five U.S. regions share common dissolved-phase pesticides but differ in predicted aquatic toxicity

Pesticides occur in urban streams globally, but the relation of occurrence to urbanization can be obscured by regional differences. In studies of five regions of the United States, we investigated the effect of region and urbanization on the occurrence and potential toxicity of dissolved pesticide mixtures. We analyzed 225 pesticide compounds in...

Nowell, Lisa H.; Moran, Patrick W.; Bexfield, Laura M.; Mahler, Barbara; Van Metre, Peter C.; Bradley, Paul; Schmidt, Travis S.; Button, Daniel T.; Qi, Sharon L.

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Year Published: 2021

Effects of climate and land-use change on thermal springs recharge—A system-based coupled surface-water and groundwater-flow model for Hot Springs National Park, Arkansas

A three-dimensional hydrogeologic framework of the Hot Springs anticlinorium beneath Hot Springs National Park, Arkansas, was constructed to represent the complex hydrogeology of the park and surrounding areas to depths exceeding 9,000 feet below ground surface. The framework, composed of 6 rock formations and 1 vertical fault emplaced beneath the...

Hart, Rheannon M.; Ikard, Scott J.; Hays, Phillip D.; Clark, Brian R.
Hart, R.M., Ikard, S.J., Hays, P.D., and Clark, B.R., 2021, Effects of climate and land-use change on thermal springs recharge—A system-based coupled surface-water and groundwater-flow model for Hot Springs National Park, Arkansas: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2021–5045, 38 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20215045.

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Year Published: 2021

Initial estimates of net infiltration and irrigation from a soil-water-balance model of the Mississippi Embayment Regional Aquifer Study Area

The Mississippi embayment encompasses about 100,000 square miles and covers parts of eight States. In 2016, the U.S. Geological Survey began updating previous work for a part of the embayment known as the Mississippi Alluvial Plain to support informed water use and agricultural policy in the region. Groundwater, water use, economic, and other...

Westenbroek, Stephen, M.; Nielsen, Martha G.; Ladd, David E.
Westenbroek, S.M., Nielsen, M.G., and Ladd, D.E., 2021, Initial estimates of net infiltration and irrigation from a soil-water-balance model of the Mississippi Embayment Regional Aquifer Study Area: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021-1008, 29 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211008.

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Year Published: 2021

Water resources of Iberville Parish, Louisiana

Information concerning the availability, use, and quality of water in Iberville Parish, Louisiana, is critical for proper water-supply management. The purpose of this fact sheet is to present information that can be used by water managers, parish residents, and others for stewardship of this vital resource. In 2014, about 589.87 million...

Lindaman, Maxwell A.; White, Vincent E.
Lindaman, M.A., and White, V.E., 2021, Water resources of Iberville Parish, Louisiana: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2021–3014, 6 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20213014.

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Year Published: 2021

Groundwater-quality and select quality-control data from the National Water-Quality Assessment Project, January 2017 through December 2019

Groundwater-quality environmental data were collected from 983 wells as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Project of the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Quality Program and are included in this report. The data were collected from six types of well networks: principal aquifer study networks, which are used to assess the quality...

Kingsbury, James A.; Bexfield, Laura M.; Arnold, Terri; Musgrove, MaryLynn; Erickson, Melinda L.; Degnan, James R.; Tesoriero, Anthony J.; Lindsey, Bruce D.; Belitz, Kenneth
Kingsbury, J.A., Bexfield, L.M., Arnold, T., Musgrove, M., Erickson, M.L., Degnan, J.R., Tesoriero, A.J., Lindsey, B.D., and Belitz, K., 2021, Groundwater-quality and select quality-control data from the National Water-Quality Assessment Project, January 2017 through December 2019: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1136, 97 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ds1136.

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Year Published: 2021

Multi-region assessment of chemical mixture exposures and predicted cumulative effects in USA wadeable urban/agriculture-gradient streams

Chemical-contaminant mixtures are widely reported in large stream reaches in urban/agriculture-developed watersheds, but mixture compositions and aggregate biological effects are less well understood in corresponding smaller headwaters, which comprise most of stream length, riparian connectivity, and spatial biodiversity. During 2014–2017,...

Bradley, Paul; Journey, Celeste A.; Romanok, Kristin; Breitmeyer, Sara; Button, Daniel T.; Carlisle, Daren; Huffman, Bradley; Mahler, Barbara; Nowell, Lisa H.; Qi, Sharon L.; Smalling, Kelly; Waite, Ian R.; Van Metre, Peter C.

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Year Published: 2021

Measuring U.S. Federal Agency progress toward implementation of alternative methods in toxicity testing

The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) recommended to Congress that federal agencies establish a workgroup through ICCVAM to propose metrics for assessing progress on the development and promotion of alternative methods. This document describes the recommendations of the ICCVAM Metrics Workgroup.

Gordon, John D.; Clarke, Carol; Johnson, Matthew; Reinke, Emily N.; Rattner, Barnett A.; Hwang, Steve; Craig, Evisabel; Lowit, Anna; Brown, Paul; Davis-Bruno, Karen L.; Crusan, Annabelle; Fitzpatrick, Suzanne; Kang, Jueichuan; Levis, Robin; Mendrick, Donna L.; Merrill, Jill; Berridge, Brian; Casey, Warren; Kleinstreuer, Nicole; Watson, Harold

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Year Published: 2020

Potentiometric surfaces, 2011–12, and water-level differences between 1995 and 2011–12, in wells of the “200-foot,” “500-foot,” and “700-foot” sands of the Lake Charles area, southwestern Louisiana

Water levels were determined in 90 wells to prepare 2011–12 potentiometric surfaces focusing primarily on the “200-foot,” 500-foot,” and “700-foot” sands of the Lake Charles area, which are part of the Chicot aquifer system underlying Calcasieu and Cameron Parishes of southwestern Louisiana. These three aquifers provided 34 percent of the total...

White, Vincent E.; Griffith, Jason M.
White, V.E., and Griffith, J.M., 2020, Potentiometric surfaces, 2011–12, and water-level differences between 1995 and 2011–12, in wells of the “200-foot,” “500-foot,” and “700-foot” sands of the Lake Charles area, southwestern Louisiana: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3460, 4 sheets, 11-p. pamphlet, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sim3460.

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Year Published: 2020

Geologic framework and hydrostratigraphy of the Edwards and Trinity aquifers within northern Medina County, Texas

The karstic Edwards and Trinity aquifers are classified as major sources of water in south-central Texas by the Texas Water Development Board. During 2018–20 the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Edwards Aquifer Authority, mapped and described the geologic framework and hydrostratigraphy of the rocks composing the Edwards and Trinity...

Clark, Allan K.; Morris, Robert E.; Pedraza, Diana E.
Clark, A.K., Morris, R.E., and Pedraza, D.E., 2020, Geologic framework and hydrostratigraphy of the Edwards and Trinity aquifers within northern Medina County, Texas: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3461, 13 p. pamphlet, 1 pl., scale 1:24,000, https://doi.org/10.3133/sim3461.

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Year Published: 2020

Compounds of emerging concern detected in water samples from potable water and wastewater treatment plants and detected in water and bed-sediment samples from sites on the Trinity River, Dallas, Texas, 2009–13

The population in the Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area in northern Texas is rapidly growing, resulting in a rapid increase in the demand for potable water and an increase in the discharge of wastewater treatment plant effluent. An assessment of compounds of emerging concern (CECs) in samples collected at potable water and wastewater treatment...

Churchill, Christopher J.; Baldys III, Stanley; Gunn, Cathina L.; Mobley, Craig A.; Quigley, Daniel P.
Churchill, C.J., Baldys, S., III, Gunn, C.L., Mobley, C.A., and Quigley, D.P., 2020, Compounds of emerging concern detected in water samples from potable water and wastewater treatment plants and detected in water and bed-sediment samples from sites on the Trinity River, Dallas, Texas, 2009–13: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5019, 57 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195019.

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Year Published: 2020

Effects of urbanization on water quality in the Edwards aquifer, San Antonio and Bexar County, Texas

OverviewContinuous water-quality monitoring data and chemical analysis of surface-water and groundwater samples collected during 2017–19 in the recharge zone of the Edwards aquifer were used to develop a better understanding of the surface-water/groundwater connection in and around Bexar County in south-central Texas. This fact sheet is provided...

Opsahl, Stephen P.; Musgrove, MaryLynn; Mecum, Keith E.
Opsahl, S.P., Musgrove, M., and Mecum, K.E., 2020, Effects of urbanization on water quality in the Edwards aquifer, San Antonio and Bexar County, Texas: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2020–3028, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20203028.

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Map of U.S. mainland showing temperate, transitional and tropical temperature patterns
March 16, 2021

U.S. regions in the tropical-to-temperate transition

A map showing North America's tropical-to-temperate transition zone. Red, orange, and yellow depict the more tropical zones, and blues depict the more temperate zones, based on to the coldest recorded temperature for each area between 1980 and 2009. Photos show some cold-sensitive plants and animals with northern range limits governed by winter cold temperature extremes.

...
A school of snook, large subtropical game fish, in a Florida spring
March 15, 2021

Subtropical snook gather at a warm Florida springhead in winter

 Winter temperature extremes control the distributions of subtropical fishes. Common snook (Centropomus undecimalis), aggregate at a spring in northern Florida during winter. Snook are warm saltwater game fish, common in Florida, that have been moving further northward as extreme cold spells become less frequent and less intense.

 

Map
October 30, 2020

Flight area for Trans-Pecos aeromagnetic and radiometric survey

Map indicating flight area for Trans-Pecos aeromagnetic and radiometric survey. The survey area includes parts of El Paso and Hudspeth counties, Texas, and Otero County, New Mexico. Flights will begin in November 2020 and are expected to conclude in mid-January 2021. 

Image shows a rock core in a trough
October 19, 2020

Austin Chalk Core

Bedding features in the core from the USGS Gulf Coast #4 Bonham borehole, in the Eagle Ford Group mudstones from a depth of about 401 feet, Fannin County, Texas. The Eagle Ford Group lies underneath the Austin Chalk and serves as the source rock for much of the Austin Chalk's petroleum.

Image shows three men in safety equipment standing next to a drill rig
October 19, 2020

USGS Technicians Prepare to Take a Core of the Austin Chalk in Texas

USGS technicians at the USGS Gulf Coast #4 Bonham borehole in preparation for geophysical logging of the Austin Chalk Group and the Eagle Ford Group mudstones, Fannin County, Texas.

Oil, gas, and water separation vessels at a carbon dioxide enhanced oil recovery operation
December 10, 2019

Oil, gas, and water separation vessels

Oil, gas, and water separation vessels at a carbon dioxide enhanced oil recovery operation, Horseshoe Atoll, Upper Pennsylvanian Wolfcampian play in the Permian Basin Province in Texas.

August 12, 2019

Surveying Contracted-Opening Indirect Measurements

This video goes into detail about surveying high-water marks, various aspects of bridges, and cross sections for the contracted-opening method. 
 

August 2, 2019

Requirements for the Contracted-Opening Method

This video discusses the general requirements that will be needed to accomplish a contracted-opening indirect discharge measurement. Approach section, contracted section, and necessary high-water mark locations are described along with scenarios where the method will not be successful. 
 

July 25, 2019

Climate Projections as a Way to Illustrate Future Possibilities

This video is a recording of the webinar “Climate Projections as a Way to Illustrate Future Possibilities" that is part of the USGS National Climate Adaptation Science Center (NCASC), in partnership with the National Conservation Training Center (NCTC), 2019 webinar series. Previous recordings can be found at https

December 12, 2018

Image of the Week - Lake Meredith’s Return

Lake Meredith National Recreation Area takes its name from the water body it surrounds in the Texas Panhandle. The Amarillo-area lake sees more than a million visitors a year.

Visitor numbers were much smaller just a few years ago. More than a decade of drought shrank water levels at Lake Meredith until a rush of rain in 2017 brought a turnaround.

Each week,

USGS scientist Scott Grzyb reviews high-water data on the Llano River in response a flash flood on October 8.
October 8, 2018

Collecting flood data on the Llano River in response to a flash flood

USGS scientist Scott Grzyb reviews high-water data collected by boat on the Llano River in Llano, Texas in response to a flash flood on October 8, 2018.

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Airplane and helicopter
November 2, 2020

Editor: In the public interest and in accordance with FAA regulations, the USGS is announcing this low-level airborne project. Your assistance in informing the local communities is appreciated.

Image shows three men in safety equipment standing next to a drill rig
October 29, 2020

The Austin Chalk and Tokio and Eutaw Formations of the Gulf Coast Basin contain a mean of 6.9 billion barrels of oil and 41.5 trillion cubic feet of natural gas according to a new assessment by the U.S. Geological Survey. In comparison, the U.S. Energy Information Administration estimates that the United States used 7.5 billion barrels of petroleum products in 2019.

Image shows an aerial view of an oxbend in the Neches River in Big Thicket National Preserve
August 28, 2020

As Hurricane Laura came ashore near the Texas and Louisiana borders, its strong winds pushed so much water ahead of it that the Neches River even flowed backwards for a time, according to a USGS streamgage in Beaumont.

A USGS field team measures spring floodwaters at Chesapeake bay's largest tributary.
May 12, 2020

U.S. Geological Survey field crews are measuring flooding across the country as spring weather is in full swing. Warming temperatures, increased precipitation and snowmelt have caused moderate to major flooding in the upper Midwest, East Coast, Central Plains and the Southeast portions of the country.

March 26 West Texas Earthquake Map
March 26, 2020

On March 26, 2020, a  magnitude 5.0 earthquake struck West Texas near the New Mexico border. Seismic instruments indicate the earthquake originated at a depth of 5.3 miles (8.5 kilometers). 

USGS Flood Inundation Mapper with water depth of 38 feet
August 26, 2019

New tools for flood preparedness are now available for the Medina River near Bandera, Texas, from the U.S. Geological Survey, the Bandera County River Authority and Groundwater District, and the Texas Water Development Board.

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